C. The explanation of the
AAV, Adaptive Assisted Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The conformability assisted-respiration)
The flow rate is 変法 of SIMV which combined a periodically changing continuous flow mechanism and Volume assisted ventilator.
It doesn't put on with the trigger if there is not a strong intake effort in the big area if there is not a continuous flow OBJ DO but to put on with the trigger of the small intake effort however, in the area where there are few continuous flows.
The degree with the assisted-respiration which is stored by the degree of the change of the continuous flow can be adjusted.
For the continuous flow method, there are few intake work volumes than the machines of the demand valve method.
According to the strength of the intake demand by the patient, the frequency of the active-ventilation increases.
In EMMV, the active-ventilation increases if there are few intake efforts of the patient and the active-ventilation decreases if many but in AAV, an active-ventilation is given in the exactly opposite thought.
At the marketing machine, it was loaded into Weany of the eye mosquito Inc. but at present, there is not a marketing product.
Accumulator tank, Accumulator [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The storage tank)
It calls both another name Reservoir tank and Reservoir.
But, it is Reservoir bag but one.
When attempting to make air and oxygen from the central plumbing a driving-source, the highest value for expiratory flow of PSV and PCV which exceeds 100LPM momentarily for the plumbing itself internal resistance and the resuscitator itself internal resistance can not be supported just as it is.
It supports a peak rate of flow in storing a tank with the gas which went via the blender.
However, because there is little internal resistance in the machine which is specifically using equipped with the flow control valve in parallel to oxygen, the air, even if it doesn't use Accumulator tank, Accumulator, to be certain degree of can correspond to the highest value for expiratory flow.
Actuator , [The control word] (The Japanese : The actuator)
It often means the control gas which is included in the input-side which controls air choke valve "Pneumatic valve".
Electricity however, air however, originally, it doesn't care but it is calling a signal so in case of the air.
It means direction performing "SURUNO" with "actuate".
AMV, Augumented Mandatory Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
The mode which Bear-5 is equipped with : It is near EMMV, but if anything SIMV+EMMV and to express is appropriate.
Even if an expiration expired volume per minute is achieved, the medical practice person can set the ventilatory-frequency of SIMV which it should receive as the floor.
analog [The control word] (The Japanese : Analog)
The method which uses a continuous physical quantity to express a signal
The term which becomes a digital pair
There is much volume of information for every the signal quantity compared with the digital method but there is a fault where it is difficult for there to be a complicated processing which is weak about the noise that it is easy for the signal to degrade, too.
Apnea Back Up ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The anaerosis back-up ventilation)
The feature which puts active-ventilation (Time trigger,Volume ventilation) automatically when the patient becomes an anaerosis in CPAP, SIMV
To be general is Volume Ventilation but there is a model to do in Pressure Control, too.
Incidentally, it is Bennett BUV, Back Up Ventilator to be equipped with to 7200 are a singleton.
Apnea Monitoring [Breathing mode] (The Japanese : Monitoring-respirationless)
The expression in CPU-1 of the Ohomeda Inc. The anaerosis
APRV, Airway Pressure Reliese Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The airway pressure opening ventilation)
The assisted-respiration mode by the pressure ventilation to release CPAP pressure intermittently and to help an air quantity of ventilation by the spontaneous-respiration mode
ASB, Assisted Spontaneous Breathing [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : Quite in pressure support ventilation)
The mode to help the spontaneous-respiration which the machine of the Drager Inc. is equipped with
It is the same as general PSV almost but there is a unique device in the control of the trigger formula and the inspiratory-pressure.
The ASV, Adaptive Support Ventilation [The ventilation mode]
The mode to be adaptable in the SIMV method in the air changes per hour and the taking air quantity of ventilation as breathing work volume becomes the least based on the type of Otis in the mode to be loaded into Galileo of the Hamilton Inc.
It adjusts an air changes per hour at the SIMV number of times and it adjusts a taking air quantity of ventilation by the ventilation of the VS, PRVC similarity.
ASSIST, Assist Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The auxiliary quantity ventilation)
The expression which the Bear Inc. uses preferably
It means the quantity (the volume) ventilation which is begun by the intake effort of the patient.
The meaning that Volume Assisted Ventilation, too, is the same
If an intake trigger isn't detected, it is adaptable to CONTROL automatically.
A/C may be the correcter expression.
Assisted CMV [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : Quite when ventilating auxiliary quantity)
Many quantity ventilation modes of being used for a European machine
It is the concept (to synchronize and) for mechanical active-ventilation (Controlled Mechanical Ventilation) to help this (in) the spontaneous-respiration.
It sometimes uses s-CMV which means synchronized, too.
ASSIST window [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The term which occurs in the explanation of SIMV of the Bird Inc. The
trigger window of SIMV
Auto Cycling [The control word] (The Japanese : The auto cycling)
The condition that the machine has done a trigger by it though there is not an actual trigger when setting trigger sensitivity sensitively too much
PEEP/CPAP however, it sometimes Auto Cyclings in the decline of the pressure by the leak in the circuit, too.
Specifically, it is easy to happen at the machine which doesn't have leak compensating machine ability Leak compensator.
Automode [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese :
The auto mode)
It becomes a controlled-respiration mode when detecting an anaerosis with constant time when making Automode on by the new feature which was added to -300 A of Siemens Servo.
It returns to the original support mode when detecting a spontaneous-respiration several times.
AutoFlow [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese :
The auto flow)
It is the function to do PCV pressure in the self-regulation by new breathing mode to be loaded into Drager Inc. Evita4 to become a setting air quantity of ventilation.
It is PRVC and the similarity of Siemens Servo-300, but PRVC is equivalent to the pressure ventilation mode of sCMV whereas AutoFlow is the pressure ventilation mode of the self-regulation type which is exchanged for the active-ventilation of SIMV and sCMV.
Moreover, the expiration of the patient is possible even if it is in the active-ventilation because this is BIPAP mechanism and is realized.
Autoresume Apnea Back-up [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The automatic-reset type anaerosis back-up)
Bennett It is loaded into 7200.
Apnea Back-up has two kinds of the machines with automatically stopping back-up feature if breathing of the machine and the patient which requires any operation to begin to work automatically if the patient becomes an anaerosis but to stop this resumes.
Latter is called an automatic-reset type.
Incidentally, it is fixed in the difference of the design philosophy whether or not to think that the confirmation is unnecessary about which about whether or not to think that this difference must make an operator confirm that there was an anaerosis.
A/C [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : Quite when ventilating auxiliary quantity)
The general term of the mode which helps in the ventilation by the active-ventilation to have supported all spontaneous-respirations as the term to IMV
It is displayed with the equipment which is mainly sold in the America market and the Japanese market.
Because that the confusion of the term, too, sings is more logical than the term of CMV, recently, it is preferably used.
The abbreviation of Assist or Control ventilation
It means help or an active-ventilation.
In case of quantity ventilation, it expresses with A/C(volume) and it expresses in the pressure ventilation by PCV "NADO" with A/C(pressure).
It is Pressure or Time trigger, Time cycle.
Back up function [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The feature which occurs in the explanation of EMMV of the Engstrom Inc.
When setting the setting of Flow rate remarkably low by mistake, the air quantity of ventilation by the active-ventilation can be secured and passes away.
In the case, it is 10 compulsorily in the active-ventilation condition because EMMV, too, can function normally and passes away The feature to set to BPM, I:E=1:1, forcing.
Baseline pressure [The control word] (The Japanese : The baseline pressure)
The pressure of the base line when the machine operates It
becomes the same as the set-pressure of CPAP, PEEP.
Bellows [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The bellows)
The rubber bag which did the structure of the bellows It is used for the
structure to get the active-ventilation of the 従量 type.
Bennett valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The resuscitator of the Bennett Inc. in the past adopted the valve of the structure that the intake valve opens by the intake effort of the patient.
It called this Bennett valve.
This valve has the characteristic which continues to open as far as intake gas continues.
Bias flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The bias style)
The gas stream which does the function having to do with a lubricating oil which pours beforehand to make the operation of the machine smooth
It often makes a response improvement, makes the improvement of the precision, has an equal "WO" purpose at the intake valve and at it, it is pouring in 5-10LPM.
This gas stream becomes the wash style Rinse flow of the patient circuit, too, at the same time.
However, the concept, the purpose, the flow rate are different from the continuous flow to use for SIMV and CPAP.
BiPAP [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : Bye Papp)
In the term of the Respironics Inc., it is a registered trademark to the treatment machine and the feature of the sleep apnea.
The actual state is (Nasal) by the mask, PSV+PEEP and PCV+PEEP, CPAP.
It is different from BIPAP of the Drager Inc..
Recently, the application is done as the artificial breathing of the low invasion and is evaluative high.
BIPAP [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : Bye Papp)
The ventilation mode to be loaded into the Evita series by the term of the Drager Inc.
It is 変法 of CPAP which changes like the fixed time while making two CPAP levels synchronize with the spontaneous-respiration.
Depending on the setting, it becomes APRV, Airway Pressure Release Ventilation, too.
Around the early stages, BIPAP was the category of 変法 of CPAP but developed into the general term of the pressure ventilation mode by the BIPAP system recently.
Blender [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The oxygen mixer)
The equipment to adjust to the desired oxygen concentration by mixing
air and oxygen Another name Mixer, the mixer
Breath period [The control word] (The Japanese : Among the respiratory-periods)
The time which adjusted intake time, expiration time It sometimes
means CMV cycle time, too.
BUV, Back Up Ventilator [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
Bennett The back-up feature which is loaded into 7200
So as not for the machine to have stopped fully in case of the trouble of the microprocessor, this is the function to maintain operation in case of the trouble with the control board which was composed of independent logic circuit.
At this time, a feature is limited to the CONTROL mode that a taking air quantity of ventilation, a breathing rate were fixed.
Calibration [The control word] (The Japanese : The calibration, the proofreading, the calibration)
Proofread a measuring system at the value which becomes a standard to maintain the precision of the measuring system.
Chamber [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The chamber)
It so calls the container which creates closed space.
The resuscitator of the Engstrom Inc. becomes the composition which mechanized composition such as the generation after generation, the anesthetist who massages the bag of the anesthesia apparatus just as it is.
The composition which massages a bag is made using Chamber.
For the details, it refers to the explanation of Elvira.
Chamber air supply valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pear)
In Erica of the Engstrom Inc. in Elvira of it, the intake flow is to drive Chamber indirectly and is generating intake dense fog but is calling an air valve for this drive so in it.
Check valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The non-return valve, the one way valve)
It applies dense fog to the constant direction and the flow of the opposite direction
is the valve to block off. The one way valve Another name one way valve
CMV, Contineous Mandatory Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The continuous active-ventilation)
The word of intermittent active-ventilation IMV, Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation and counter-electrode
The ventilation mode to do all assisted-ventilations by the active-ventilation
ASSISI/CONTROL, VCV, PCV, sCMV, assistedCMV, and so on, correspond to this.
Both must be strictly distinguished between because there was not hinderance in the past even if it confused both in Controlled Mechanical Ventiolation of the abbreviation of the same CMV and the similar concept but the various active-ventilation modes exist at present.
However, see or it refuses a lot of entry which confused both.
CMV, Controlled Mechanical Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The mechanical control ventilation)
Breathing mode to ventilate at the intake time, the taking air quantity of ventilation, the expiration time,
breathing number of times which the medical practice person prescribed Another name, the compulsion quantity
Compensator [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The compensation equipment)
The equipment which has the feature which is in the
compensation There is various Compensator according to the
(1) PEEP compensator (The Japanese :
The exhalation-valve causes a pressure inclination according to the flow rate of the expiration for the valve resistance.
An influence by the flow rate of the expiration to the exhalation-valve by @0s balloon valve is often used but however, all influences of the expiration gas flow rate are not nothing.
It makes this influence the least and the mechanism which maintains setting PEEP/CPAP pressure is called PEEP compensator.
A servo control by the general circuit internal pressure is used for this but there is a method which revises an exhalation-valve driving-pressure with the expiration gas flow rate, too.
(2) Leak compensator (The Japanese : The leak
There is an evil the PEEP/CPAP pressure can not be maintained and also which causes Auto-cycle by the pressure decline by the leak in the patient circuit in some case in the leak.
The mechanism to compensate for the leak to prevent this is called Leak compensator.
CONTROL, Control ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The controlled-respiration)
Another name, the active-ventilation
The expression which the Bear Inc. uses preferably
The compulsion quantity ventilation which is done in the constant cycle without reacting absolutely to the intake effort of the patient
It means Volume Ventilation of Time trigger.
CPAP [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : Sea Papp)
The ventilation mode to apply constant pressure to the respiratory tract together in case of intake and the expiration
Intake is helped in the pressure but expiration doesn't become if it overcomes resistance with pressure and urges and there is not it.
Therefore, for the patient, CPAP becomes the ventilation law which makes a respiratory muscle for the expiration not to use, remaining daily main constituent.
On the other hand, PEEP merely means resistance by the expiratory-phase and in the inspiratory-phase, intake help is received.
In other words, if seeing from the patient side, in case of compatible, CPAP and PEEP have a big distance.
CPAP is spontaneous-respiration + PEEP if CPAP and PEEP are another concept but see from the resuscitator.
Regrettably, the machine which was designed by distinguishing between PEEP and CPAP exists hardly.
Much more, that CPAP is PSV of the PEEP+0 level is most.
CPAP which is written by the mode setting switch of the resuscitator as the exceptional common sense means a spontaneous-respiration mode.
This position means both of CPAP, PSV modes (It thinks that it isn't desirable in how to use for which it is easy to cause the confusion of the term but in the industry, this is common sense).
The CPU [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The central processing unit)
The equipment which plays a core role in the microprocessor Strictly, MPU and the CPU are different, but it understands
with the same one and interfere hardly.
The CRT, Casode Ray Tube [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The cathode-ray tube)
The display unit which was made using the principle which is luminous from the electron gun with the irradiated electron beam hitting a luminary
DC operation [The control word] (The Japanese : The direct current operation)
It calls to operate equipment by the power supply of the battery and so on so.
Generally, the machine operates by the commercial power AC100v of the alternating current, but a fact is changed into the various direct-current voltage inside the machine and is used.
Of what machine however, theoretically, DC operation is possible but can not be called practicality if using a battery in the plural and there is much power consumption.
A line voltage in each part is unified by one kind and moreover, if the power consumption isn't little, DC operation doesn't become practical.
Demand flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The demand flow)
It so calls the intake gas which is provided according to the request of the spontaneous-respiration of the patient.
The method which uses the part which is called (1) demand valve Demand valve for the supply system, the method that the servo valve system which is (2) intake valve supports, the method, equal "GAARU" to cater for with the (3) continuous flow
Demand valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The demand valve)
The mechanical part which supplies gas by valve's opening the decline of the pressure as far as the decline of the pressure continues as the chance
This is a kind of Pneumatic valve.
However, at the recent resuscitator, it is often supplying a demand style, too, by the intake gas control type.
This, too, can not be called a demand valve in the meaning, the valve which supplies a wide sense with demand gas, too, but strictly, both should be distinguished between.
Also, both has the performance discrepancy which was sternly.
The power back-up [The control word] (English : Battery Backup)
The feature that the machine can continue to operate even if the supply of the commercial power stops Generally,
it is possible to do only the back-up of short time in about 15-30 minutes.
Digital [The control word] (The Japanese : Digital)
The method which expresses a signal in the combination in the condition of on, off It forces a noise and there is
an advantage which can compose a logic processing circuit easily which is not in the degradation of the signal.
Direct drive [The control word] (The Japanese : The direct drive, the direct-drive)
It says the mechanism that the drive force occurrence part drives the outside straight.
The advantage which is not, too, has to be behind in the driver reaction time which the drive-train has because there is not a drive-train of the gear and the belt and so on between and a warp but there is technical difficulty, too.
It is being recently used for the exhalation-valve drive-system of the resuscitator.
Display [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The display)
The equipment which displays a character and a graph There is a following kind. The
CRT, the LCD, the LED, the plasma display
Double Cycling [The control word] (The Japanese : The double cycling)
Select the vibration of the tube and so on behind the intake of the patient continued even if the active-ventilation ended and immediately the active-ventilation and an active-ventilation be again sent.
The airway pressure rises extraordinarily because the ventilation of 2 batches in amount is sent to the patient.
Also, it is an unpleasant phenomenon for the patient, too.
Driver [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The driver)
It means the one in addition to the implement which turns a screw which drives the other one.
At the resuscitator, Flow Control Valve Driver, Stepper Motor Driver, Servo valve driver, PEEP valve driver 等 are used.
EIP, End Inspiratory Plateau [The control word] (The Japanese : The end-of-suction end plateau)
It refers to the clause of Plateau.
Ejector [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : "EZIEKUTA-")
The part which makes air a jet style and does a novice
It has the characteristic that the attraction works and also to operate the function and the gas around (2) which increases gas by the Venturi effect as (3)Pressure Generator.
Electric circuit [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The electric circuit)
The circuit which was composed to the medium in the electric current Incidentally, the circuit
which used air for the medium is called aircircuit "Pneumatic circuit".
Electrodynamic motor [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The electromagnetic motor)
The equipment to apply the power of the electromagnet and to be
moved to Always, it isn't limited to the rotary motion.
Electromagnetic motor [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The electromagnetic motor)
The meaning which is the same as Electrodynamic motor
Electronic circuit [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The electronic circuit)
The circuit which was composed of the devices such as the semiconductor and the tube which applied the function of electron
EMMV, Extended Mandatory Minute Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The ventilation at the time of the extension compulsion part)
It refers to the explanation of MMV for more information.
The free ventilation (of the patient) which exceeds a set expired volume per minute wasn't permissible by MMV of the original method.
Because EMMV makes this possible, Extended is put.
But, there is not inevitability which all MMV machines distinguish between by that the machine which can do only MMV had never been marketed and putting Extended specially because they are EMMV machine.
Exhalation valve, Exhaled valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The exhalation-valve) To be
general combines PEEP valve, too. There is a following method.
(1) Baloon valve, Mashroom baloon valve (The Japanese : The
The method which is often used for the general resuscitator
It drives indirectly in the air.
The backflow prevention feature, too, is in valve itself.
There is an advantage which can make PEEP easily.
(2) Rubber tube (The Japanese :
The exhalation-valve which is used for Servo ventilator
It functions as the exhalation-valve in closing this tube with the scissors.
The check valve must be used.
(3) Direct drive (The Japanese : The
The structure or the structure which does a direct-drive in the operation of electromagnetic-force (Electro-Dynamic Power)
Feed Back Control [The control word] (The Japanese : The feed-back-control)
The technique which minimizes the error of the output in returning this to the entry after modifying the part of the output
Specifically, it compares the error of the output-signal and the reference signal and the control to return the difference to the entry as the sector-of-calibration signal is called servo control Feed Back Servo Control.
Feed Forward Control [The control word] (The Japanese : The feedforward regulation)
The technical term about the mechanical control method
The technique which adds a signal for the correction beforehand in the input stage floor and minimizes the error of the output signal
It is often used with Feed Back Control.
It is applied to the other industrial machine from the old days, but at the resuscitator, it is applied to the control of the intake valve of E-200 of the New-Port Inc., being the first time and it is watched.
fIMV[Control word] (Japanese
: The pear)
The machine of the Drager Inc. is expressing the SIMV number of times in this way.
fIPPV[Control word] (Japanese
: The pear)
The machine of the Drager Inc. is expressing the sCMV number of times in this way.
Flow Augumentation [Breathing mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
The feature which is loaded into Bear-1000 The development type of Flow Supplementation For the
details, it refers to the explanation of specialized study Bear-1000.
Flow by [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The flow bye)
Bennett The feature which is loaded into 7200
It is valid mainly with CPAP.
It is the mechanism which supplies a circuit decision streaming-flow if expressing easily.
Because the continuous flow is flowing through the span of the expiratory-phase, usual continuous flow causes a pressure gap by the exhalation-valve by the exhalation breathing resistance (if the exhalation-valve isn't with a good performance record specifically).
In Flow by, the function to lower the flow rate of the continuous flow so as not to become an exhalation breathing resistance (until the machine senses that the expiration gas of the patient decreases) in the early stages of the expiratory-phase is added.
It is developing into the flow trigger mechanism recently and it means a variable base flow + float rigger.
Flow control valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The intake "GASUKONTORO-RU" valve)
The valve to make intake dense fog occur to in opening and shutting
high-pressure gas There is following.
(1) Servo valve
It says both Solenoid-controlled valve to adjust the flow rate of gas freely in the electronic signal and the graduate-acting control valve it is possible adjust.
(2) Solenoid valve
Solenoid-controlled valve The valve which has a
continuing intermittently feature in the flow of air
in the electronic signal
Flow Cycle [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
The function to reduce the intake time which is unnecessary when the intake gas flow rate falls to the end of intake mainly when PCV "NADO" ventilates pressure and to end intake
It is called Flow Termination, too.
Flow supplementation [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The feature which is loaded into Bear-5
The function to adjust an intake valve to follow this even if the intake effort of the patient is bigger in ASSIST/CONTROL than the setting intake flow rate
This develops into Flow Augumentation of Bear-1000.
Flow Termination [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
Flow Cycle and the same
Flow transducer, Pneumotachometer [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The flow transducer, Fluothane Sir and the synonym)
The equipment which changes the flow rate of air into
the electronic signal There is a following method.
(1) Differential Pressure flow transducer (The Japanese : The
delta-pressure type sensor)
It becomes for the flow rate to have been able to be estimated from the known relation between the pressure amplitude and the gas flow rate when providing a resistant for station on the way of fluid and measuring pressure amplitude in the back and forth.
It is used as Variable orfice, wire mesh, the equal "GA" resistance.
(2) Hot wire flow transducer (The Japanese : The heat
ray type sensor)
When placing the platinum-alloy line (Hot wire) which applied electricity into fluid and was made a high temperature in the gas stream, a heat ray is cooled according to the gas flow rate.
Because the platinum-alloy line changes an impedance value according to the temperature, it can measure the flow rate of air in measuring the impedance of the platinum-alloy line.
(3) Silverman flow transducer (The Japanese :
A kind of Differential Pressure Flow transducer which used Wire mesh for the resistant It is used for the flow
measurement of Infrasonic Adultstar.
(4) Strain gauge flow transducer (The Japanese : The distorted
detection type sensor)
Flag which was established, that the style was all over the body according to the flow of gas does a bias.
This bias is changed into the change of the impedance using the equipment (piezo-electric device) which detects a physical warp.
It becomes to have been able to be taken out by changing a flow rate into the electronic signal in this way.
(5) Variable orfice (The Japanese : The variable caliber
type delta-pressure type sensor)
It makes a horseshoe shape cut in the thin film of the synthetic resin of Mylar 等 beforehand.
Because the aperture area product changes according to the flow rate of air, it is an un-straight change but the resistance in the place around the film changes according to the flow rate.
Therefore, it becomes for the flow rate to have been able to be correctly to the flow rate of the wide area measured if measuring the pressure of the back and forth and adding electric straight line making processing to this.
It is used for the sensor of Bird Inc. and Hamilton Inc..
(6) Venturi tube (The Japanese :
It provides a narrow-segment for station on the way of fluid and it measures the pressure amplitude of the front and the narrow-segment.
Because the pressure in the narrow-segment declines according to the flow rate, it measures a flow rate in measuring pressure amplitude.
(7) Vortex flow transducer (The Japanese :
When putting strut (the obstacle), that the style is all over the body, the aerial turbulent flow occurs in the rear of strut.
This is called Karman vortex.
Because the number of generation of the whirlpool increases according to the flow rate, it measures a flow rate in measuring the number of Karman vortex.
The way, equal "GAARU" to sense that the way and strut to measure one with the supersonic of which the measurement of the number of Karman vortex hits a supersonic against Karman vortex and it is modulated vibrate by the optical senser
(8) Pressure-Valve Positioner Flow measurement (The Japanese :
The opening and shutting condition of intake valve (servo valve) is continuously grasped with (the experimental use computer London integrated display sensor as much as) positioner.
Because the gas flow rate to flow through according to the pressure of the place around Servo valve and the position (the open condition) of Servo valve is constant, it can fix a gas flow rate if there is existing dater.
The flow rate can be at high speed measured without using an extra part in this measurement method.
Also, because the increase of the extra internal resistance can be avoided, it means that it is possible to earn more peak rates of flow.
(9) The Time Transit
It is used for the measurement with call feeling 測 of Servo i.
The method by which the transmitter/receiver of the supersonic is installed in two along the flow channel of gas and it measures the current velocity of gas by the propagation time difference with two supersonics
It is excellent about the precision and the reliability.
The expired volume per minute [The medical idiom] (English : minute volume)
The capacity which the patient ventilates to 1 minute
It sometimes measures in case of measuring on the side of intake and on the side of the expiration of measuring.
The possibility to become the same quantity if attending both in not always agreeing but the total of the long eyes because there is a functional-residual-capacity
It is desirable to measure the alarm of the expired volume per minute on the side of the expiration when considering the possibility of the leak in the patient circuit.
Fuel cell [The engineering term] (The Japanese : The fuel battery)
At the resuscitator, it is used as the measuring-unit article of the oxygen concentration.
The oxygen concentration can be measured using the battery which the electricity occurs to in the reaction to oxygen.
The calibration is necessary because there is a variation per hour.
The refractory period [The control word] (English : irresponsible period, lock
out time, waiting time)
Generally, it so calls the period which doesn't react to the signal.
The rise of (Double-cycling), the harmful airway pressure is caused by the resuscitator that to do the ventilation of the taking quantity to end expiration soon is more compulsorily pushed when doing a trigger, sensing that the airway pressure changes carelessly behind the active-ventilation.
There is a provided model in the refractory period which doesn't react to the trigger immediately behind the active-ventilation to prevent this.
Galbanic cell [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : Moth Le Bas Nick battery)
A kind of the fuel battery It is used for the
measurement of the oxygen concentration.
GEM, Gas Exchange Metabolics [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The expiration metabolism)
The feature which is loaded into Elvira of the Engstrom Inc.
The indirect metabolism measuring function
But, it is special expiration gas carbon dioxide concentration measuring machine Et CO2 It isn't possible to do correct measurement when not adding Analizer.
Generator [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The generator)
At the resuscitator, it is often used in the meaning of the intake gas plant.
(1) Flow generator (The Japanese : The flow
The gas plant the index of which is a flow rate
(2) Pressure generator (The Japanese : The pressure
The gas plant the index of which is pressure
The semiconductor [The engineering term] (English : semi-conductor)
The material which shows the characteristic of the middle of the conductor and nonconductor is made when mixing impurities to the silicon and the germanium.
This is called a semiconductor but the devices such as the transistor and the diode can be made by applying the characteristic of the semiconductor.
The functional part with all kinds which is the one which controls a heavy-current in the small electric current, the one which applies electricity only to one-way, the one, 等 which the internal resistance changes to with the voltage to add is made by Semiconductor element.
The present electrical technology can not tell Semiconductor element excellence.
The graduate-acting control valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (English : Servo valve)
It refers to the explanation of the servo valve.
The HME, Heat & Moist Exchanger [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The artificial-nose)
The part which humidifies intake gas in the heating using the temperature and moisture which is contained in the expiration of patient himself
Another name artificial-nose
There are a bacterial filter and a combined product in.
As for the heating humidification performance, the difference by the product is big.
It is called passive humidifier, too.
The assisted-respiration [The ventilation mode] (English : Assist ventilation)
It refers to the clause of Assist ventilation.
The IC, the LSI, SLSI [The engineering term] (The Japanese : The integrated circuit)
The part which was composed using a lot of transistors and diodes on one chip
The name changes according to the gate density.
It is contributing to the dwarfing and the reduction of the power consumption, the speeding-up because it has the feature which is equivalent to the conventional circuit with one part.
IMV, Intemittent Mandatory Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The intermittent active-ventilation)
The ventilation mode to add an active-ventilation, that it is possible to mean a spontaneous-respiration freely beforehand and being intermittent
The original doesn't synchronize with the spontaneous-respiration.
It is used for the narrow sense as the expression of the mode for the resuscitator for the newborn baby, the infant to get a trigger is difficult for whom.
In this mode, generally, a circuit decision streaming-flow is prepared as gas for the spontaneous-respiration.
It is used for the wide sense as the term which becomes a pair of Conteneous Mandatory Ventilation and it is SIMV and synonym.
Inspiration Assistence [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
It is loaded into the machine of the Engstrom Inc..
It is PSV and a method of the ventilation of the similarity almost but it has a peculiar characteristic with unique intake gas generator 構 of the Engstrom Inc..
Interface [The engineering term] (The Japanese : The interface)
Specifically, it is possible for the digital signal to have but Translator unit is necessary for the signal to have a various standard and to transfer a signal with those different standards to the other implement.
This Translator unit is called Interface.
Recently, the meaning of Interface expands more and does how to use like Man-Machine Interface, too.
Intermittent PEEP [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : Intermittent PEEP)
It is loaded into the machine of the Drager Inc..
In usual SIGH, it increases and it does a taking air quantity of ventilation but it wins SIGH effect in Intermittent PEEP by further PEEP addition.
There are few extraordinary rises of the airway pressure in this one.
IPPB, Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing [The medical idiom] (The Japanese : The pear)
Generally, it so calls breathing physical therapy to do using the IPPV machine.
It is a treatment to the apneumatosis mainly.
It adds a mouthpiece under the spontaneous-respiration and it does positive pressure extension by the lung by the IPPV machine and a nebulizer therapy.
IPPV,Intemittent Positive Pressure Vent
ilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The intermittent positive pressure ventilation)
The term to distinguish from positive negative pressure type artificial respiration breathing and the type negative pressure artificial respiration out of the body by the intermittent-positive-pressure-breathing
It does intake at the positive pressure but the expiration is the way of ventilating to do passively by the elasticity of the respiratory organs.
When this term was made, IPPV and CMV(Contineous Mandatory Ventilation) were a similar concept.
As the exceptional usage, the Drager Inc. firmly maintains historic interpretation and is using IPPV in the meaning of CMV.
It will should express this with sCMV.
Of course, IPPV of the Drager Inc. is the usage which has contradiction plainly because PEEP can be used.
IRV, Inverse Ratio Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The inverse-ratio ventilation)
The ventilation law that the ratio in the intake time and the expiration time was about 4 general 1:2-1: but that it reverses this ratio
Any more PEEP effect can be gotten in the condition which lowered an average airway pressure.
The Siemens Inc. names PCV and a combination SIRV, Servo Inverse Ration Ventilation specifically.
Insufflation [The control word] (The Japanese : Intake)
It means an inspiratory-phase by the mechanical
ventilation. The expressions which are many in the one
which is made in Europe
The IPPV cycle time [The control word] (English : IPPV cycle time)
The time which added intake time, intake pose time, expiration time about the active-ventilation
Jet venturi [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The jet venturi)
In the jet style, it shows venturi effect when pouring from "EZIEKUTA-", it involves air around and there is an attraction operation.
This thing is called Jet venturi effect.
At the resuscitator, a lot of parts which applied Jet venturi effect are used, it resembles in the nebulizer and at the negative pressure generator, the oxygen dilution equipment, in equal and are used.
The heating humidifier [The structural-steel-worker word] (English : active humidifier)
As for the gas of the medical application, the gas which was dehumidified to prevent bad influence to the machine is used.
However, it is desirable that a heating is humidified by 100%, 37°C and that intake gas is sent to the lung.
The upper respiratory tract at the human body, the nose plays this role specifically.
Because the heating humidifier ability of the human body can not be used by being done at the bypass in the ventilation by the resuscitator, there is necessity to add heating humidification equipment to.
In the structure that the upkeep where little multiple of the miscellaneous germ where the humidification high rate that there there are few inhalation breathing resistances in the heating humidifier is good occurs is inexpensive, the simplicity, equal "NO" characteristic is sought but the full product is merits and demerits respectively, not being.
The following product is marketed at present.
(1) Aquapor [The brand
It is loaded into the machine of the Drager Inc.. It is a
path exaggerated type product.
(2) Fisher The & Pykel [The
Our country occupies the status of the de facto standard machine by the model which is loaded (or, are set to doing the can to have which) into 1st much machines at present.
However, there are lateness, a boiling defect of the standing-up of the heating humidification performance and the running cost, the antibiotic-action, the temperature under high flow rate gas.
The handiness merely will be a reason for being supported.
There is a variation of the variety according to the servo feature with temperature.
Of "DEISUPO" and also each model however, the chamber becomes common.
(3) Bennett Cascade [The brand
If saying a heating humidifier before, it was this type almost. Recently, it is robbed by Fisher
& Pykel in the seat at the top.
(4) VH820 [The brand
With the latest heating humidifier of the Bear Inc., it is doing heating humidification with steam by the boiling.
On the principle, the humidification efficiency is high but much cohesion in the circuit occurs compared with the other product.
The chamber includes a re-application type and the one of "DEISUPO".
Recently, the IMI Inc. evacuated import.
(5) HPD [The brand
It was loaded into the machine of the Bird Inc..
Fisher The & A humidification principle like Pykel is adopted
As expected, the chamber is "DEISUPO".
Of the equipment of the recent Bird Inc. however, however, Fisher & Pykel is set by the standard.
(6) Concha therm [The brand
With the product that the yellow body is impressive, America has quite Shear.
However, there is not standard equipment or a resuscitator to make selectable in our country.
The special purified water pack is necessary.
As expected, the chamber is "DEISUPO".
One gas [The control word] (English : Equivalent to gas supply failure?)
It is standard that the recent resuscitator requires oxygen plumbing and compressed gas plumbing, but the supply of the gas of the one stops and the condition that only the gas of the remainder is supplied is called one gas.
In the condition of one gas, as for the setting of an oxygen concentration, it doesn't accomplish a meaning but there are many machines which aren't influenced in the other feature.
The exhalation-valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (English : Exhalation valve)
It refers to the clause of exhalation valve.
The expiration recognition condition [The control word] (English : termination criteria)
The inspiratory-phase of PSV, too, ends when the intake of the patient ends in PSV but generally, the condition that the machine recognizes this is called an expiration recognition condition.
However, correctly, it will should call an end-of-suction end recognition condition.
For recently this OBJ DO but a flow rate is used about being general as the parameter
It adds and the rise of the airway pressure, the one to have provided limitation for the air quantity of ventilation, the one to have provided limitation for the intake time, the one, the equal "IRONNA" method to recognize in another condition, dividing intake in the start-up period and the pressure maintenance period are contrived.
There is a difference in the nature and the characteristic of PSV according to the control-condition.
The end-of-suction end recognition condition [The control word] (English : termination criteria)
The expiration recognition
The intake cycle [The control word] (English : cycle to inspiration)
It calls the performance criterion point which switches over from the
inspiratory-phase to the expiratory-phase and it is called - cycle. There is
following all side type.
(1) Pressure cycle Pressure
(2) Quantity cycle Volume
(3) Time cycle Time cycle
(4) Flow rate cycle Flow
The active-ventilation [The ventilation mode] (English : Control ventilation)
To be general means mechanically forced quantity ventilation (Volume ventilation).
It is sCMV/CMV, assisted CMV/CMV and similarity.
Intake time, a taking air quantity of ventilation are forced regardless of the condition, the will of the patient.
The LCD, Liquid Crystal Display [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The liquid crystal display)
The display by liquid crystal A backlight is often laid down because liquid
crystal itself doesn't shine.
Leak compensation, Leak make-up [The control word] (The Japanese : The circuit leak revision mechanism)
It is loaded into VIP Bird, Bear-5, Evita.
The function to compensate for the one with the standard pressure Baseline pressure which declines with the leak in the patient circuit
But, in the pressure trigger formula, the maximum amount of leak which the set value of the trigger sensitivity can revise to prevent a malfunction is limited.
The ability to revise is higher in the one which made sensitivity dull generally.
There is not an agreement that there was to let's vomit by the flow trigger formula.
This feature has together with the prevention feature of mechanical Auto Cycle in addition to contributing to the maintenance of the PEEP/CPAP pressure.
Learning logic The & Prediction control [The control word] (The Japanese : The learning type predictive control)
The intake gas flow rate control technique which was used for New-Port E-200 as the resuscitator, being the first time
A kind of Feed Foward Control
It refers to the explanation of E-200 for more information.
The LED [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The light-emitting diode)
In Semiconductor element which generates light, the emitting light efficiency is high. Also, it is excellent about
the durability. The shining numerical display device is this type almost.
Lock out time [The control word] (The Japanese : The refractory period)
The expression in the New-Port Inc. The refractory period which was provided so as not to react to
the trigger unnecessarily immediately after 従量 type ventilation
Logic circuit [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The logic circuit)
The circuit which does a ligical decision with the hardware in the combination of Semiconductor element
A logic circuit is composed only of the combination of 3 basic circuits of AND, OR, NOT.
Of what ligical decision however, theoretically, it is possible but the circuit which does a too advanced ligical decision is difficult because the design becomes complicated.
Also, because the wiring becomes complicated too much in case of construction technology, too, it alternates with the circuit by the software which used a microprocessor solely recently.
0 is output because 1 is output when 1, 1 are entered at the AND circuit if specified by reference and and then, doesn't agree with the condition of AND in 1, 0 and 0, 1 when 0, 0 are entered.
Mail box [The control word] (The Japanese : The mailbox)
The place at which the original meaning is a mailbox but it places the exchange of the information in temporarily beforehand in the computer term
There is possibility that the trouble in the 1 "KA" place has spread to the whole in multi- MPU which has a lot of MPU.
It is doing isolation (the electric separation) using Mail box to prevent this.
Mandatory ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The active-ventilation)
The meaning which is the same as the controlled-respiration
The ventilation mode to give constant ventilation compulsorily irrespective of the intention and the condition, the ventilation capacity of the patient
It means "NANO" having to do with a direction with mandatory.
Manifold [The control word] (The Japanese : Mani fold)
It means the aggregate of the plumbing.
At the resuscitator, it often means a home straight in the plumbing which lets through an intake flow inside the main unit.
Respectively, the air plumbing of the relief valve, the opening valve and so on is assembling.
Also, at the old-type resuscitator, the exhalation-valve becomes external to the place of the support arm and a nebulizer is juxtaposed in this part.
This part is sometimes called that Mani is falled, too.
Mechanical servo [The control word] (The Japanese : The mechanical servo)
The feature by CPU-1 of the Ohmeda Inc.
There is possibility that the flow rate which is lower than the setting gas flow rate is supplied in the case that the patient circuit internal pressure is high.
The function to change the adjustment pressure of the low pressure regulator according to the airway pressure to prevent this and to compensate for this
An electronic component doesn't participate absolutely and is composed only of mechanical part (Pneumatic valve) to this adjustment mechanism.
Metabolic computer [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The metabolism monitor)
The equipment which measures metabolism quantity from the analysis-of-expired-gas
However, there are a general purpose machine which can be measured using the canopy and a personal plane which can be measured only during artificial respiration under the spontaneous-respiration.
Microprocessor, MPU [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The microprocessor)
The arithmetic-element which processes on the program in the heart of the computer It is used for
the meaning which is the same as MPU, the CPU almost.
Mouse [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The mouse)
The equipment which is a mouse originally but operates a screen in the computer term, heaping on the hand and moving
It is called Mouse because the form resembles in the mouse boiling.
It is so called because it is the same as the operating method that the operation type of Adultstar of the Infrasonic Inc. is Mouse.
MMV, Mandatory Minite Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The ventilation at the time of the compulsion part)
It refers to the explanation of EMMV.
The way of ventilating that compulsion quantity ventilation is given if the expired volume per minute by the spontaneous-respiration of the patient becomes constant the following
If there is voluntary air quantity of ventilation sufficiently, compulsion quantity ventilation isn't absolutely done.
It becomes the same as the controlled-respiration if the spontaneous-respiration of the patient passes away fully.
Incidentally, in the original method, the compulsion quantity ventilation doesn't synchronize with the spontaneous-respiration but the marketing machine synchronizes with the spontaneous-respiration except the Engstrom Inc..
Also, in the original method, above the setting expired volume per minute, it isn't possible not to do ventilation but the marketing machine is EMMV which can be completely ventilated above the set value.
MMV, Minimum Minute Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The ventilation at the time of the least part)
The mode which Veola of the Hamilton Inc. is equipped with
The purpose and the thought of the control are Mandatory Minute Ventilation and similarity.
Moreover, these are often confused because the abbreviation is the same as Mandatory Minute Ventilation and because the same, it is often misunderstood.
The mode that Minimum Minute Ventilation controls PSV level automatically for the expired volume per minute of intake to constant-ize
Back-up mechanism (Step by Step Procedure) works by the decline of the expired volume per minute and the stop of the spontaneous-respiration and switches over to SIMV, sCMV/CMV automatically.
It is Volume Support of Siemens and a mode of the ventilation of the similarity.
Niedle valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The needle valve)
The flor control valve
The part of the devising that the needle having to do with a taper is hitting an opening, but that the hit condition of the needle changes the area of the opening and that a flow rate is controlled
It is called "SUPIKON" (Speed Controller), too.
Non return valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The check valve, the one way valve)
One way valve and the same
Normal Rate [The control word] (The Japanese : Breathing number
The expression of the Bear Inc.
The machine of the Bear Inc. does a setting breathing rate in ASSIST/CONTROL and the setting of the SIMV number of times and also all setting of the number of the minimum active-ventilations in AMV by the setting of Normal Rate.
Therefore, an expression, Normal Rate, is used as these general terms.
One way valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The one way valve)
The valve which applies dense fog only to one-way Functionally, it is
the same as Non return valve.
Oxygen sensor [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : O'2 senser ー)
The sensor for the oxygen concentration measurement
PAV, Proportional Assisst Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
The ventilation mode to help a necessary work volume at the constant rate for the respiratory muscle to do breathing
It does the function as akin to the power steering which makes the handle of the car light.
It is assisting a fact in helping a flow gain and a volume gain.
PCV, Pressure Control Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pressure control ventilation)
PCV is the assisted-respiration mode to do constant time, constant pressure by applying them.
It is 始"RIHA" Patient or Time trigger of intake.
Intake is provided in Pressure control.
The ending of intake is Time cycle.
To have been loaded into -900 c of Servo as a pair of PSV is original.
At first, it didn't become popular as much as PSV.
However, the advantage of the ventilation law which does an active-ventilation recently in PCV is evaluated and is loaded into a lot of resuscitators.
It is the inspiratory-pressure corrugation which is the same as Time cycle, Pressure Relief but form of the occurrence and the control of the intake dense fog is different.
Servo-300, Servo-900, New-Port E-200, Bennett It is usable in 7200ae, Bear-1000, Adult-Star.
Drager Evita BIPAP and Pressure Limitation Ventilation however, the similarity becomes operation at the manner of the setting.
It is expressed with A/C(pressure), too.
PEEP, Positeive End Expiratory Pressure [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The peep)
It adds resistance by the pressure to the expiration and it has the falling into a state of lethargy prevention of the alveolus, the improvement of the ventilation with non-equability, the improvement of the diffusion-disturbance in the alveolus, the improvement of the oxygenation ability of the lung, "WO" purpose.
The time not to add PEEP is sometimes called ZEEP, too.
Photo-sensor [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The optical senser)
The sensor which senses Hikari To be general is used as the rank experimental use computer London integrated
display sensor and Fluothane Sir in sensing that the object moves in Hikari.
PIM phase, Patient Initiated Mandatory ventilation phase [The control word] (The Japanese : The SIMV trigger window and the synonymy)
Bennett 7200 expressions It means a trigger window in SIMV.
Plateau, Inspiratory plateau, EIP [The control word] (The Japanese : The intake plateau)
The period to maintain by closing an intake valve and an exhalation-valve in the end of the inspiratory-phase as the airway pressure is high
As for this, it is valid but the average airway pressure becomes high to the oxygenation.
Also, with the patient, it is unpleasant.
It computes the static-compliance of the lung of the patient at the pressure of this tense.
PLV, Pressure limitation ventilation, Pressure Limited Ventilation [The control word] (The Japanese : The ironhand limen ventilation)
The ventilator ability which is loaded into Evita of the Drager Inc.
The feature by which the extraordinary rise of the harmful airway pressure can happen in the quantity ventilation but it makes the ventilation of the PCV similarity by adjusting an intake flow rate when reaching a constant set-pressure to prevent this
It controls so as not to extend intake time now, to reduce plateau time and for the taking air quantity of ventilation and the I:E ratio to change.
However, it is Babylog of the company At 8000, it is used as the term which means the ventilation of the pressure relieving type, too.
Pneumatic circuit [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The aircircuit)
The functional circuit which was composed as the doing of operation with a variety in the change(, making air a medium) of the atmosphere
PPS [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
In the abbreviation of Proportional Pressure Support, the actual state is
PAV. The expression which is peculiar to the Drager Inc.
Pressure Augumentation [The ventilation mode] (The
Japanese : The pear)
If expressing easily, it is the ventilation mode to have made PSV(PCV) and CMV fuse.
It is possible to call PCV of volume cycle, too.
Pressure Augumentation of the Bear Inc. and VAPS of the Bird Inc. make the original identical but differ for the details of the control method.
Pressure limit ventialtion [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The 従圧 type ventilation)
It isn't too much used recently because it means Pressure cycled ventilation but the expression isn't appropriate.
It is sometimes used sometimes as the artificial respiration mode of the Pressure controlled(or generator) method, too.
Pressure relief valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pressure pressure relief valve, the pressure missing valve)
The valve which did the structure to set free in the atmospheric in the surplus pressure
Pressure transducer [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pressure transducer)
The equipment which changes pressure into the electronic signal
Program [The control word] (The Japanese : The program)
The direction information which has been written in the direction which the microprocessor performs in the computer term
Proximal airway pressure [The control word] (The Japanese : The proximal airway pressure)
The airway pressure of the patient is the most important control parameter ー for the resuscitator.
To measure this as much as possible with the mouth of the patient, it becomes the maximum proximal part (for the patient) that the airway pressure to measure in the place of the Y peace can be wanted.
An airway pressure in this part is called proximal airway pressure "Proximal Airway Pressure".
There is an equal "NO" advantage which it is possible to make have the function to revise patient circuit resistance for which it is difficult to undergo influence by the compliance of the patient circuit, too, but there is a fault that the patient circuit becomes complicated, too.
The tube which is prepared to measure a proximal airway pressure is called proximal airway pressure tube "Proximal airway pressure tube" and "Remote sensing tube".
PRVC, Pressure Regurated Volume Control ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pressure revision 式従 quantity type ventilation)
The new mode which Servo-300 was equipped with
The mode that the machine does PCV level in the self-regulation according to the compliance for the taking air quantity of ventilation not to constant-ize in the ventilation of PCV but to cancel this fault
It is possible to express with Patient or Time trigger, Pressure controlled(variable for Volume regulation), Time cycle.
It is recently loaded into AVEA and VELA of the VYASIS Inc., too.
PS-Vt of Helia of the Saime Inc., too, is the mode to be same.
Pressure Relief Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pressure relieving ventilation)
It makes New-Port E-100, E-150 not exceed a value with constant inspiratory-pressure in the intake gas of sCMV/CMV, missing surplus pressure with the pressure relief valve.
On the other hand, it opens and shuts a circuit decision streaming-flow by the exhalation-valve like Bear-5, VIP-Bird and there is a missing "TESU" method, too, in the surplus pressure.
PSV, Pressure Support Ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pressure support ventilation)
The mode to have been contrived to help a spontaneous-respiration
It synchronizes with the beginning of the intake of the patient and PSV begins.
During intake, set constant pressure is maintained.
The inspiratory-phase of PSV ends after the machine recognizes that the intake effort of the patient ends.
The change condition condition to the expiration is generally called an expiration recognition condition but the right, it is an end-of-suction end recognition condition from intake.
Generally, it makes the time when the intake flow rate declined a termination condition to about 20% of the intake peak rate of flow.
A wide range of conditions are used for the others, too, and even the product in the same company sometimes depends on the model, too.
It is possible to express with Patient trigger, Pressure control, Flow cycle.
PSV end flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The expression to be specified in E-200 of the New Port Inc. of
Intake ends if the intake gas flow rate becomes below PSV end flow at one of the end-of-suction end conditions in PSV.
The meaning which is the same as Terminal flow
The setting method of PSV end flow is unique and is different from the other machine.
For the details, it refers to the explanation of E-200.
Purge flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The purge style)
It is the same as the rinse style approximately.
PWM, Pulse Width Moduration [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pulse duration modulation)
One of the methods which modulate a signal
The modulation-technique which moves the size of the signal to the width of the pulse
Incidentally, its amplitude modulation in the modulation-technique which changes the size of the signal into the size with amplitude of vibration, it is called AM, Ampliutude moduration and the modulation-technique to change into the degree of the frequency bias is called a frequency modulation, FM, Frenquecy moduration.
The RAM, Randam Access Memory [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The lamb memory)
The semiconductor memory unit for the computer that it is possible to do reading and writing freely
Regulator [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The regulator, the decompression-valve)
The valve which did the structure of the mechanicaeration cable type to decompress gas with high
pressure to the constant pressure and to be stabilized In Japanese, it is merely called a
(1) PEEP regulator
The exhalation-valve combines a general PEEP valve but a regulator is sometimes used to make PEEP pressure, too.
In this case, it is used for the pressure driver circuit of the exhalation-valve.
(2) High Pressure regulator
The high-pressure dense fog which was inputted to the resuscitator is used for the pressure which is easy to control in case of operation in each part of the resuscitator, being decompressed.
The part which is decompressed to the pressure which is the optimal for the intake valve is called High Pressure Regulator.
Reference value [The control word] (The Japanese : The standard value)
A value of the purpose to try to control is set to the machine control.
This is called a standard value.
It compares this value and an actual measurement continuously and it does a sector-of-calibration.
As the special usage, "Reference value" means the ratio of the measurement expiration expired volume per minute/the goal expiration expired volume per minute by the EMMV mode and CPU-1 of the Ohmeda Inc. controls the Te time of SIMV by this value.
Relief valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The missing valve)
Pressure relief valve and the same
Remote sensing tube [The control word] (The Japanese : The proximal pressure measurement tube)
Proximal Airway Pressure Tube and the same
Reservoir bag [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The storage bag)
The rubber gas storage bag which is prepared to make up the shortage of the intake gas flow rate of the peak period when a continuous flow is used for the spontaneous-respiration in IMV and CPAP and so on
Reservoir chamber [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The main parts that a peculiar intake developmental-mechanics is adopted but that the resuscitator of the Engstrom Inc. drives intake gas there
It refers to the explanation of Erica, Elvira for more information.
Reservoir filler valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The valve which fills coal-water-gas into the proper quantity in Reservoir chamber with the valve which is used for the resuscitator of the Engstrom Inc.
Reservoir tank, accumulator tank [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The storage tank)
The wiry tank which stores up coal-water-gas beforehand inside the resuscitator to secure the intake gas flow rate of the peak period
Respiration cycle [The control word] (The Japanese : Among 1 respiratory-periods)
The aspect to have adjusted an inspiratory-phase and an expiratory-phase to is called Respiration cycle.
Re Zero valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The zero point adjustment valve)
The zero point adjustment valve of the pressure transducer
Rinse flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The rinse style)
The purge style and the same
It has been poured in a little Drygas to prevent that moisture in the circuit blockades a patient circuit and a pressure monitor line and that the inside of the machine is polluted by the regressiveness.
This flow is called Rinse flow.
The ROM, Read Only Memory [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The ROM)
The semiconductor memory unit for the special computer of the reading in Even if it
switches off electricity, the memory contents don't disappear.
The RS-232C [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The standard of the standard cable-terminal when exchanging a digital signal among the computers
It doesn't say that the communication signal is possible if connecting even a cable because the terminal for the RS-232C cable is provided for the most digital equipment but is not the translation that the standard of the exchange of the electronic signal is done.
Rubber valve tube [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pear)
Servo of the Siemens Inc. The white pipe which is made from the silicone rubber which is used for 900 intake valves and exhalation-valves
It is adjusting the gas flow rate which flows in by closing the pipe of the silicone rubber by the scissor-shape mechanism of the crab and opening it.
Because the intake valve, too, is a rubber tube with the same structure, because of pressure-resistant "NO" limit, an operating-pressure is set comparatively low.
Safety valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The relief valve)
The valve which is in case of the trouble of the resuscitator for a spontaneous-respiration to be made by opening a patient circuit in the big worrying
Only, because there doesn't seem to be ability to do enough ventilation by getting over the circuit resistance to the patient who is connected with the resuscitator realistically, the feature to associate with from the name, to be safe, can not be expected.
Sensor [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The sensor)
The sensor in the equipment which has the ability to sense any existence or non-existence but it is sometimes used in the meaning of the transducer, too.
Generally, if saying, the sensor is adequate sufficiently if there is a switch feature to sense existence or non-existence but the function to change a degree with size into the electronic signal is required to the transducer.
Sequence [The control word] (The Japanese : The sequence)
The sequence The execution procedure of
the series work and the direction and
Servo control [The control word] (The Japanese : The servo control)
Acitve control, Feed Back Servo control and the same
The technology technique to control for the output value to become the value which is as near the standard value as possible
It amplifies error information to compare an output value with the standard value and for the difference to be minimized and it reduces it to the entry.
Then, the output value converges to approach a standard value boundlessly.
But, because there is temporal delay absolutely during entry → output, the standard value takes the output value constant time by converging.
Servo flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The servo style)
The gas stream which was created by the servo control is called Servo flow.
Servo loop [The control word] (The Japanese : The servo loop)
A control loop is made of servo control because a signal is reduced to the entry from the output. This is
called Servo loop, a servo loop.
Servo motor [The control word] (The Japanese : The servomotor)
It calls the motor that a servo control is done so.
It may be what use but at the resuscitator, it is used as the motor for driving ー of the motor for the bellows drive by the machine of the bellows drive type and the control of the blender.
Servo valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The servo valve)
Solenoid-controlled valve which has the function that the intake gas flow rate can be at high speed and moreover freely controlled by the electronic signal
Because a servo control is used for a control circuit, it is named a servo valve.
The functional part which is as important as the basic performance of the resuscitator is almost fixed by the performance of this valve
There are one which does an analog valve in the digital control by the D/A change, a valve, a various equal "NO" valve which can be a direct-digital-control.
Naming with a variety with each Inc. is done.
(1) Flow control valve
Bird 6400, Bird The name inside 8400, in VIP Bird
(2) Inspiratory valve
Siemens Servo 900 names
(3) Proportional selenoid valve
Bennett 7200 names
(4) HPS valve
The name in Drager Evita
(5) Servo controlled flow valve
The name inside Veola of the Hamilton Inc., in Amadeus of it
(6) Proportional Metering valve
The name in New Port E-200
(7) Servoid valve
This name, too, is used for New Port E-200.
SIMV [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The intermittence active-ventilation having to do with synchronization)
The ventilation law which synchronizes with the spontaneous-respiration while it is possible to mean a spontaneous-respiration freely and gives an active-ventilation intermittently
The ventilation method to divide two kinds of ventilation aspects which are the free ventilation aspect where a spontaneous-respiration with several times is freely with the active-ventilation aspect to synchronize with the intake trigger and only for the taking to send it in sCMV/CMV, and the circuit decision streaming-flow and the demand flow or PSV made at the time and to be adaptable to the patient
Recently, it uses pressure ventilation (PCV, PLV, AutoFlow, Pressure Augumentation, "NADO") in addition to the quantity ventilation, too, for the active-ventilation.
An active-ventilation aspect and a free ventilation aspect are called SIMV cycle all together.
Length in the SIMV cycle time is fixed at the 60-second/SIMV number of times.
The time (the time of the standing-by to make an active-ventilation side with the spontaneous-respiration) which reacts to the intake trigger and sends sCMV/CMV is called a trigger window in SIMV.
The organization by the trigger window or it foments and it is possible to classify into two kinds of methods.
(1) The fixed time method
The method which provides a trigger window for the part (the time which is equivalent to 20-25% of the SIMV cycle in the most case) of the SIMV cycle
It is often used for the machine which is made in Europe.
(Exception Newport Inc.)
(2) The variable-time method
It assumes that the span of the SIMV cycle is a trigger window.
The SIMV cycle sends an active-ventilation only to the trigger which was detected by the one which is first *of* "KARA"最 about 始 and the trigger since then is adaptable to the free ventilation and PSV.
It was often used for the machine which is made in America but the Drager Inc., too, began to adopt recently.
The SIMV cycle [The control word] (English : SIMV cycle)
SIMV stands up from the mechanical controlled-respiration aspect and the free ventilation aspect that the patient can be freely ventilated but calls these SIMV cycle all together.
SIMV period [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The trigger window in SIMV and the same At the manual of Siemens, this is called SIMV
The SIMV trigger window [The control word] (English : SIMV trigger window)
The time of the trigger wait is provided to make the intake effort and the mechanical ventilation of the patient synchronize with the active-ventilation aspect out of the SIMV cycle.
It calls this tense so.
Software [The control word] (The Japanese : The software)
The term which becomes Hardware and a pair At the computer, it
calls a program so.
SPG, Set Parameter Guide [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The function that the machine guides a setting item in turn to help this because of the setting it is difficult for a beginner to be boiled by Servo-300 of the Siemens-Elema Inc.
Spontaneous flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The circuit decision streaming-flow)
A circuit decision streaming-flow is prepared for the spontaneous-respiration about SIMV and CPAP, the
boiling in E-100 and E-150 of the New Port Inc.. It calls this so.
Spontaneous period [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
The way of calling in the Siemens Inc. Spontaneous phase in the place to
say in the Bennett Inc. and the same
Spontaneous phase [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
Bennett At 7200, it is calling a free ventilation aspect with SIMV so.
Step by Step Procedure [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
The mechanism which switches over automatically to the mode which is nearer the controlled-respiration if the decline of the expired volume per minute or the anaerosis occurs by the back-up feature which Veola of the Hamilton Inc. is equipped with
PSV, SIMV+PSV, sCMV/CMV are in turn chosen.
Stepper motor, Step motor [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The stepping motor)
The motor which was made for the constant frequency to turn in the number of the pulse signals
The turning frequency of the motor is used for the decision "RUTA" eyes, the control system by the digital signal at the number of the pulses.
It is used for the driving motor of the graduate-acting control valve and it is used for the paper feed mechanism of the printer.
System break down [The control word] (The Japanese : The system error)
The condition not to be the trouble of the mechanical main unit, and that the program of the computer has been stored in the blind alley under some condition and for the computer not to be able to perform the following direction
It means that the computer system has stopped operation in case of feature.
System Error [The control word] (The Japanese : The system error)
The computer term
The condition when the machine encounters to the process by which the operation of the program has contradiction logically in the case where there was a mistake in the initial setting, and so on, or the error message which it is possible to emit then
Te, expiratory time [The control word] (The Japanese : The expiration time)
The expression in Ohemeda CPU-1 The expiration time
in case of compulsion quantity ventilation
The continuous flow [The control word] (English : constant flow, base flow)
The original meaning means the gas stream which the gas flow rate value doesn't change into with the passage of time.
In the resuscitator term, the gas stream in the patient circuit to have been applied to to supply 以外 with intake gas for the spontaneous-respiration at the time of the active-ventilation when being SIMV, IMV, CPAP, Time cycle Pressure plateau mode is called a continuous flow.
At the continuous flow, because it is possible to breathe in intake gas even if there is not a trigger, a patient is mainly used by breathing mode for infant (Infant,Neonate) for whom it is difficult to sense a trigger.
The continuous flow must be established in above the maximum intake flow ability of the patient in this case.
It makes up a shortage with the demand style to the peak style which exceeds the flow rate of the continuous flow or the adult makes up with the reservoir bag.
However, incidentally, in what case, the minimum, the flow rate setting above the expired volume per minute of the patient are necessary.
As the adult business, it recently often supports a spontaneous-respiration more in PSV than the continuous flow.
There is not meaning to use for to use a few continuous flows in this case in (5-10LPM) as the bias style 以外.
Terminal flow [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
In Bennett PR-2, it is Flow cycle that the inspiratory-phase ends when the intake gas stream falls below the constant flow but this flow rate is called Terminal flow.
Time limit function [The control word] (The Japanese : The pear)
An active-ventilation is sent within 3-10 s if becoming an anaerosis even if a measurement intake expired volume per minute is achieved above the setting expired volume per minute in EMMV of the Engstrom Shataka type.
This is called "Time limit function".
The abridgment of the trigger period
When an active-ventilation is sent by the resuscitator, being in SIMV in the trigger in the period of the trigger window, there is one where the trigger window its since then disappears from the temporal axes.
The SIMV cycle time reduces only the part consequently.
Transducer [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : Trance du Sir)
It means a converter but the resuscitator means the equipment which changes the size of the measurement phenomenon into the electronic signal.
It is possible to say a sensor for the measurement, too.
The transducer of the pressure, the flow, the temperature, the oxygen concentration is used for the resuscitator.
Trigger [The control word] (The Japanese : The trigger)
It means the trigger of the pistol originally.
At the resuscitator, it was named from the place to see a mechanical active-ventilation off as it pulls a trigger, making synchronize with the beginning of the intake effort of the patient.
The method which gets a trigger has the following 4 methods.
(1) Flow trigger (The Japanese : The float
It is the method which does a trigger when it is possible to put a continuous flow and a bias style in the patient freely with intake beforehand and the intake flow rate exceeds a set value.
Generally, if saying, the patient of section "RUMADE" has few intake work volumes at the trigger compared with the pressure trigger but it takes the time which does a trigger.
In the times when the resuscitator to support a spontaneous-respiration by the continuous flow method is at the height of prosperity, the flow trigger mechanism was popular.
However, then, sensitive Fluothane Sir wasn't general and with switching over to the method which supports to the spontaneous-respiration using PSV, the pressure trigger formula became mainstream again.
This is because the necessity which does intake in the trigger in the step which is earlier than in the continuous flow method appeared.
Technically, it is easy to make the one where to use does a method of the sensing by the pressure earlier at the trigger.
However, because recently sensitive and high-precision Fluothane Sir was commercialized, are being again bathed in the footlights by the float rigger.
(2) Pressure trigger (The Japanese : The pressure
The method which prepares at the trigger near the end of the expiratory-phase, closes an intake valve, an exhalation-valve and makes a patient circuit a closed circuit beforehand and senses the intake effort of the patient in the change of the circuit internal pressure
Even if it sets to the same sensitivity, the effect sensitivity changes at the compliance and the bias flow rate of the patient circuit.
Mechanical itself performance however, also, because it changes, as for the comparison of the value in the different equipment, it is empty.
There are a method to take in the change of the absolute pressure and a method to take in the change of the relative pressure to the pressure of the PEEP/CPAP regulator.
(3) Volume trigger (The Japanese : The volume
The method which does a trigger at the intake quantity which resembles a flow trigger formula but is the integration of the flow rate
Of the weaker intake effort however, theoretically, the trigger of it is possible but the evaluation is an unknown quantity compared with the flow trigger formula.
(4) Time trigger, Machine trigger (The Japanese : The timed
The method which begins an active-ventilation at the constant time irrespective of the intake of
the patient It corresponds to the trigger formula by the mechanical active-ventilation.
Trigger window, Synchronization window [The control word] (The Japanese : The synchronous period)
The SIMV trigger window and the same
Trimmer [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The trimmer)
The slight adjustment control to secure the precision of the transducer and the flow control It says
a calibration control, too.
The controlled-respiration [The ventilation mode] (English : control ventilation)
The active-ventilation and the same
VAPS, Volume Assured Pressure Support [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The pear)
The naming of Bird Inc.
It is Pressure Augumentation and the similarity to say in the Bear Inc. but there is a subtle difference.
The new ventilation mode to have both of the pressure ventilation and the quantity ventilation characteristics in the repeated one in PSV to Volume Assisted Breath
Venturi effect [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : Venture Lee effect)
When the gas which flows through the pipe with constant diameter provides a narrow-segment for the station on the way, when passing a narrow-segment, in the narrow-segment, the flow rate of gas becomes early and also the pressure in the part declines.
This is called Venturi effect.
The gas flow rate can be measured in comparing pressure in front of the narrow-segment and pressure in the narrow-segment and measuring a pressure inclination.
Venturi tube [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : Venture Lee pipe)
The pipe to create Benturi effect Erica, Elvira of the Engstrom Inc. apply this principle and are
measuring an intake gas flow rate.
Volume Assisted Breath [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The volume assisted-ventilation)
The expression which is used for the explanation of the machine of the Bird Inc.
sCMV, ASSIST and the similarity
It means Patient or time trigger, Flow control, Time cycle(=Volume cycle).
Volume Control [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The volume active-ventilation)
The expression which is used in Servo-300 Basically, it is similar to sCMV/CMV. The term
which becomes Pressure Control and a pair
Volume mesurement bag [The control word] (The Japanese : The expiration volume measurement bag)
The rubber bag which gathers expiration beforehand in Volume mesurement system
Volume mesurement system [The control word] (The Japanese : The air quantity of ventilation measurement system)
Erica, Elvira of the Engstrom Inc. measure an air quantity of ventilation, gathering expiration around
the rubber bag. The expiration gas flow rate can not be measured.
Volume limit ventilation [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The 従量 type ventilation)
sCMV/CMV and the same The expression which isn't too much used recently There are Time cycle, and
to be and Volume cycle.
Volume Support, VS [The ventilation mode] (The Japanese : The volume support)
The new mode to have been loaded into Servo-300
Intake is begun in Patient trigger.
It is ventilated by the ventilatory-pattern which is the same as PSV, but 必要"NA" PSV level is calculated according to the future compliance for the taking air quantity of ventilation to constant-ize and is self-adjusted.
It is possible to express with Patient trigger, Pressure control(variable for Volume regulation), Flow cycle.
Because there is not ventilation in 始 if there is not a trigger, it switches over to PRVC automatically if becoming an anaerosis but even if the spontaneous-respiration resumes, it doesn't return to Volume Support.
Vt;tidal volume [The medical idiom] (The Japanese : The taking air quantity of ventilation)
Waiting time [The control word] (The Japanese : The refractory period)
In CPU-1 of the Ohmeda Inc., the refractory period which doesn't make a spontaneous-respiration in the trigger to prevent the malfunction of the machine is provided immediately behind the active-ventilation.
This period is called Waiting time.
Working Pressure [The control word] (The Japanese : The equipment driving-pressure)
Servo At 900, by the runup of intake flow valve (Servo valve), high-pressure drive gas is decompressed by the low pressure and is reserved by the reservoir.
The pressure of this reservoir is called Working Pressure.
Because this pressure becomes a maximum driving-pressure, the higher one is more favorable to the maximum air current quantity, but it considers the safety of the patient and the lifetime of the valve tube and is comparatively set to the low pressure.
At the necessary case, the operator adjusts the pressure of this place.
The Y piece [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The Y peace)
The pipe having to do with a character of the Y which connects an intake tube, an expiration tube and a tracheal tube with the patient circuit
Zeroing solenoid valve [The structural-steel-worker word] (The Japanese : The zero point proofreading valve)
The one which is the same as Re-zero valve
A pressure transducer is opened to the atmosphere pressure when this valve opens.
It does pressure in this case in the auto-calibration (the calibration) as the zero point.